Kolektif Stüdyo


Bursa Hanlar District Çarşıbaşı Urban Design Project Competition








AREA: 660.072 m²

"Memory is the very essence of life produced by the groups that have lived it. With this aim, memory is open to the dialectic of recollection and forgetting, oblivious to their constant changes, sensitive to all uses and sleights of hand, conducive to long uncertainties, liable to sudden revivals, and in a state of continual development." Pierre Nora.

Cities accumulate urban layers belonging to different societies and cultures across various time periods. In this process, the erased and rewritten layers of cities shape the collective memory and cultural identity of society. Each layer existing within a city is also a part of its urban memory.
The rapid urbanization introduced by modernism and neoliberalism, accompanied by intense construction, excessive migration, and misguided practices, has led to the erasure of urban layers and the loss of city identities. The fading layers in the city become unexperienced by people and vanish from collective memory. Therefore, revealing urban layers not only preserves the collective memory but also maintains the identities of cities.
The project area has formed through the accumulation of different layers due to its location, position, and historical richness. However, unplanned urbanization has reduced the legibility of layers and disrupted the urban fabric. The proposed project aims to uncover the faded traces in the Çarşıbaşı District and remind the urban-scale collective memory, thus ensuring the preservation of the city identity for generations. The suggested urban remembrance action needs to be approached from various perspectives such as urban, cultural, and social domains. Additionally, every effort made in the Çarşıbaşı District will impact the entirety of the city. Thus, all data related to the district and the city should be considered in a holistic framework.

"Collective memory is selective, socially constructed, and encompasses space – it is the reconstruction of the past of a community." Halbwachs, 1925

Addressing the problems at an urban scale, drawing from Peter Marcuse's critical urban theory, the approach consists of three stages: revelation, proposal, and urban remembrance. Revelation encompasses identifying and exposing the issues in the project area, as well as recognizing the urban layers that have become faint at an urban scale and need reinforcement. Proposal involves interpreting the revealed layers through current data and future predictions, generating suggestions, programs, and strategies to achieve the desired outcome. Urban remembrance aims to transform the produced suggestions from a structural scale to an urban and social scale, making them a part of collective memory.

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